Democracy & Governance

Low Supply and Public Mistrust Hinder COVID-19 Vaccine Roll-out in Africa

While developed nations are on track in immunising their citizens against COVID-19, Africa lags far behind. The continent needs more supplies but governments and scientific institutions must try harder to dispel widespread public mistrust causing high levels of vaccine hesitancy.

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The Normalisation of Emergency Powers: Lessons from UK counterterrorism legislative practice

COVID-19 vaccination programmes give reason to hope that emergency public health measures can soon be repealed. However, a historical perspective on emergency measures in response to terrorism suggests caution is required in order to avoid the ‘normalisation’ of these measures.

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Emergency Measures, Human Rights and the Rule of Law in Face of COVID-19

Apart from being a public health emergency, the COVID-19 pandemic is also a global crisis of public law and human rights. Emergency measures introduced in many countries pose concerns from the perspective of constitutional and international law.

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In the Wrong Place, At the Wrong Time: How Bolsonaro's far-right populism drove Brazil into chaos during the COVID-19 pandemic

Having underestimated the SARS-CoV-2 virus and politicised its control, Brazil faces an extreme public health crisis. At the heart of the handling of the pandemic by its government lies an anti-human rights rhetoric derived from far-right populist politics.

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Communication and Two-Way Engagement in Health Emergencies: Lessons from the Ebola response in West Africa

Two-way engagement and cooperation with local communities with a human rights based approach are essential tools in the response to outbreaks and transmission prevention in transnational health emergencies. The response to the 2013-2015 EVD outbreak in West Africa highlighted the importance of preparedness for communication and strong engagement with local communities when designing and implementing containment measures.

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Whose Fundamental Rights? Why COVID-19 tests the foundations of constitutional democracies

Under the state of emergency, governments have curtailed numerous fundamental rights. Since epistemic uncertainty makes it difficult to determine whether this is constitutionally warranted, we are witnessing a dispute over the nature and future of constitutional democracy.

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Fighting COVID-19: Better to do Too Much Than Too Little?

This post reflects on supranational and domestic human rights exception regimes and the decisions made by states to restrict or derogate from their human rights obligations. Using France as an example, the post looks into how things can go wrong.

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Universities’ Role in Innovation Networks to Mitigate the Effects of COVID-19: A view from Latin America

COVID-19 has shown that strengthening innovation and production capacities in the pharmaceutical and medical supply and device industries is essential to pandemic preparedness. In Latin America, universities are playing a key role when facing this ongoing challenge in a context of regional economic hardship.

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A Human Rights-Based Approach to the Next Emergency Depends on Local Preparedness

Human rights crises emerge at the local level. Local governments are now at the forefront of human rights implementation and protection. A human rights-based approach to responding to the inevitable next emergency will depend on the preparedness of local governments.

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An International Human Rights Perspective on Elections in Times of Crisis

Emergencies pose challenges to the holding of elections. States’ obligation to protect the life, health and security of their population stands in tension to their obligation to respect the right to political participation and related political freedoms. How do we reconcile these dimensions from a human rights perspective?

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